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The Bulgarian Intermodal Market

Lack of Terminal and Intermodal Infrastructure in Bulgaria

  • five Trans-European transport corridors across the Balkans (IV, VII, VIII, IX и X);
  • Bulgaria has - huge potential for combined transport - intermodal terminals in the region are few and are not used (except for a few units per month in Sofia Tovarna, Rousse and Stara Zagora)
  • existing maritime container traffic - Varna Port
  • Sofia- Thessaloniki, Plovdiv and Burgas, Varna and Maritsa East – all on road

Intermodal Railway Operators

The Maritime Market - Black Sea Basin Traffic

Yana Terminal's planned capacity is 35 000 TEU per year, with a Black Sea maritime traffic of 2,1 mln and an additonal 1 mln in Paiareous and Thessaloniki, Greece, and Koper, Slovenia. From the ports mentioned above traffic would be derived mainly from Thessaloniki, Constanta, Varna, Bourgas, Poti and Koper.

  (in TEU) (for 2008)
Constanta 1 037 000 49.3%
Odessa 350 000 16.6%
Illichivsk 323 000 15.3%
Novorossiysk 160 000 7.6%
Poti, Georgia 115 000 5.5%
Varna 94 000 4.5%
Bourgas 26 000 1.2%
Black Sea TOTAL 2 105 000 100%